Chand Baoli, Abhaneri Stepwell – Everything You Need To Know

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One of the hidden historical treasures of India is located in Dausa district in Abhaneri, Rajasthan. Abhaneri stepwell also popular as Chand Baori, is probably one of the biggest and deepest stepwells in the world constructed around 1200 years old by the local ruler called Raja Chandra, to resolve water shortages via harvesting in the arid Rajasthani area.

It’s a four-sided stepwell with 13 stories and was constructed by the Maharaja Chandra, who used to rule Abhaneri during the 8th and 9th centuries. Abhaneri stepwell consists of 3,500 narrow steps 30 m above the ground level. Apart from this beautiful architecture, abhaneri has a very crafty carved harshat Mata temple, just next to the stepwell. which was constructed fully carved out of stones. Now This heritage property comes under ASI, who manages and maintains everything around this site.

HISTORY

Unlike the rest of the stepwell, the Abhaneri stepwell at first seems very big & deep and more beautifully carved. Not only the step well, Seeing around the site you would find very brilliantly designed galleries, Halls and secret rooms, garden. One can easily guess this property was not only used for conserving water but also for the ruler used to rule from here.

Image source: Wikipedia

Abhaneri step well was constructed around the 8th century. It was believed to be completed in many parts, the oldest part was from the 8th century and was later added to the site. Likewise many other historic monuments in India, the abhaneri stepwell site was also demolished many times in history including the harshat Mata temple. Since this site is more than 1200 years old, which makes chand boari stepwell is older than Qutub Minar and Taj Mahal.

ABHANERI STEPWELL ARCHITECTURE

Abaneri stepwell
Chand Baori, Abhaneri stepwell

The major reasons for creating stepwell were to resolve water problems and start harvesting water. This incredible architecture is a perfect example of mathematical engineering by the ancient people. The boari has a precise geometrical pattern, with almost 3500 narrow stairs arranged in symmetry.

Because of the perfect Design, No matter the outside weather. The well has its own climate, as the bottom level water is about 5-6 degrees cooler than Above.

The reason for creating this site was fully not clear, as water harvesting was the primary reason for this stepwell. But seeing the pavilion and jharokhas on the fourth wall, some believe that this site was also used as a Royal residence of the King and queen. Also seeing the carved architecture, galleries, and gardens around the well, Historians also believe that this site was occasionally used as a gathering ceremony for the community.

HARSHAT MATA TEMPLE

Harshat mata temple, abhaneri
Harshat Mata Temple, Abhaneri

Harshat Mata Temple (Goddess of Happiness) was ruined many times in history. Harshat Mata temple was considered to be constructed right after the completion of the Chand Boari stepwell. Since no solid evidence was found behind the reason for constructing this huge temple near the step well, it was believed that the king used to pray to their deity here inside the temple.

Since this temple was demolished in history after the Islamic invaders enter this site and the ruins can be found around the main shrine with hundreds of carved stones of Hindu gods that can be found near the temple. Harshat Mata temple was originally designed using the Panchayatana style, where the main shrine was surrounded by the four small shrines But only the main shrine exists now.

Image Source: Wikipedia, panchayatana style

According to legends the goddess always seems to be happy and cheerful and imparts the same to the entire village. Since the temple is located just opposite to the famous Chand Baori, one has to follow the ritual of washing hands and feet at the well before entering the temple.

TRAVEL TIPS

  • Tickets can be purchased online through the ASI website at 20 rupees and also from the offline counter at 25 rupees.
  • The whole site would take you around 1 and a half to explore both the places.
  • Guides are available at a very minor cost.
  • Stepwell is fully fenced from outside, as entering the stairs is prohibited.
  • Carry water bottle during the visit, as it’s been really hot during the day.

HOW TO REACH

  • Bandikui junction is the nearest railway station from this stepwell.
  • Abhaneri step well is located 100 km from Jaipur on the Jaipur Agra highway.
  • Any Bus heading towards bandikui, Deboard at ghular chauraya, and take an auto from there to reach AbhaNeri.

Recommend you read the following travel blog on Places to visit in Rajasthan.

13 Amazing Places to Explore In Jaipur City In 2022

50 AMAZING JAISALMER PHOTOS, RAJASTHAN

The Ultimate Travel Guide to Kothari Patwa Haveli, Jaisalmer


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Timmy walker

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